Tours in Samtskhe – javakheti
Ancient mountainous region in Georgia
|Samtskhe - javakheti
Samtskhe - Javakheti is a mountainous region, broken by ravines, springs, and lakes, as well as large and fast moving rivers. There are very few large flatlands in Samtskhe and the landscape is complex, compose of flat terraces, hills and volcanic mountains. The main rivers of Samtskhe are the Chorokhi ant the Mtkvari.
Samtskhe - javakheti is one of the oldest parts of Georgia. Its volcanic mountains, open plains, freshwater lakes, ravines, canyons and fast moving rivers, as well as archeological, religious and cultural sites, will impress visitors. The region boasts unique examples of rock cut architecture, a number of churches and monasteries, fortresses, mysterious cyclopean structures, terrace vineyards and orchards, and remote villages with "darani" - underground structures to shelter people during invasions. Thanks to its fertile soil, Samtskhe - Javakheti is considered the country's "bread basket". Today potato farming, field crop cultivation and cattle - breeding are the main agricultural activities.
Terraces - On the steep slopes of the Samtskhe - Javakheti hills you will find unique long terraces where fruit gardens are vineyards used to flourish. Wine was made here in very ancient times, testified to by unearthed fossilized grape leaves, seeds and stems as well as wine presses cut in stone.