Svaneti is the highest inhabited area in the Caucasus and the place of the highest, still populated village in Europe - Ushguli. Svaneti, one of the most ancient historical provinces of Georgia, is located on the southern slopes of the Caucasus mountain range, on the territory running between the Enguri and Tskhenistskali Rivers. Surrounded by the gigantic, white - capped peaks of the Caucasus, Svaneti is one of the most remarkable regions of Georgia with a rich history and picturesque natural beauty.
Svaneti, with its snow capped mountains, deep gorges, evergreen pine forests, mineral springs, alpine meadows and glaciers is a popular travel destination. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is dotted by medieval villages featuring dozens of reminiscent stone tower - houses, mostly built from the 9th to 12th centuries. The towers served as both dwellings during the hard winters and defensive structures, against occasional invaders.
The double - peaked Mt. Ushba, jutting like a pair of fangs from the surrounding mountains 94700m), is the most culturally significant to the locals. It was formerly believed to be inhabited by evil spirits, and there are many legends associated with this impressive mountain.